Wordpress tutorial

1. Introduction

In this tutorial we will create Worpdress site using docker containers. We will create one container with Mysql database, then we will create database and user for it. After that we will create Wordpress container which is running on Apache.

In this tutorial we will use our vagrant environment. We need two virtual machines. One where Solar database and Orchestrator will run and one where we will install Wordpress and all components:

2. Solar installation

git clone https://github.com/openstack/solar.git
cd solar
vagrant up solar-dev solar-dev1
vagrant ssh solar-dev

3. Config resource

First we need to create Solar Resource definition where global configuration will be stored. This will be a data container only, so it will not have any handler nor actions. Let’s create base structure:

mkdir -p wp_repo/wp_config/1.0.0
touch wp_repo/wp_config/1.0.0/meta.yaml

Open meta file wp_repo/wp_config/1.0.0/meta.yaml with your favorite text editor and paste the following data:

handler: none
version: 1.0.0
    schema: str!
    schema: int!
    schema: str!
    schema: str!
    schema: str!

Let’s go through this document line by line. handler: none says that this resource has no handler and no actions. In next line we define version. The most important part starts from line 3. We define there the inputs for this resource. It will be possible to configure following inputs:

  • db_root_pass - Mysql root password
  • db_port - Mysql port
  • wp_db_name - database name for Wordpress
  • wp_db_user - database user name for Wordpress
  • wp_db_pass - database user password for Wordpress

In schema it’s defined if input will be string or integer, ! at the end means that the input is mandatory and value cannot be empty.

4. Composer file

All other required resources are already available in solar repositores: resources and templates. We will use four more resources:

  • resources/docker - it installs docker
  • resources/docker_container - it manages docker container
  • resources/mariadb_db - it creates database in MariaDB and Mysql
  • resources/mariadb_user - it creates user in MariaDB and Mysql

There are three ways to create resources in Solar: Python API, CLI and Composer files. We will use the last option. Composer file is just a simple yaml file where we define all needed resources and connections. Run:

mkdir -p wp_repo/docker/1.0.0

Create new file wp_repo/docker/1.0.0/docker.yaml, open it and past the following data:

  - id: docker
    from: resources/docker
    location: node1

  - id: config
    from: wp_repo/wp_config
    location: node1
      db_root_pass: 'r00tme'
      db_port: 3306
      wp_db_name: 'wp'
      wp_db_user: 'wp'
      wp_db_pass: 'h4ack'

  - id: mysql
    from: resources/docker_container
    location: node1
      ip: node1::ip
      image: mysql:5.6
        - config::db_port
        MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: config::db_root_pass
          func: "mysql -p{{env['MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD']}} -uroot -e 'SELECT 1'"
            - mysql::env::NO_EVENTS

  - id: wp_db
    from: resources/mariadb_db
    location: node1
      db_name: config::wp_db_name
      db_host: mysql::ip
      login_user: 'root'
      login_password: config::db_root_pass
      login_port: config::db_port

  - id: wp_user
    from: resources/mariadb_user
    location: node1
      user_password: config::wp_db_pass
      user_name: config::wp_db_user
      db_name: wp_db::db_name
      db_host: mysql::ip
      login_user: 'root'
      login_password: config::db_root_pass
      login_port: config::db_port

  - id: wordpress
    from: resources/docker_container
    location: node1
      ip: node1::ip
      image: wordpress:latest
        WORDPRESS_DB_HOST: mysql::ip
        WORDPRESS_DB_USER: wp_user::user_name
        WORDPRESS_DB_PASSWORD: wp_user::user_password
        WORDPRESS_DB_NAME: wp_db::db_name

In block resources we define... resources. Each section is one resource. Each resource definition has a following structure:

  • id - resource name
  • from - path to resource dir
  • location - node where resource will be run
  • values: initialization of a Resource Inputs

In location we define node1. It’s name of our virtual machine resource. It’s not created yet, we will do it shortly.

In our configuration there are two formats which we use to assign values to inputs. First:

db_port: 3306

It just means that input db_port will be set to 3306

Another format is:

login_port: config::db_port

This means that input login_port will have the same value as input db_port from resource config. In Solar we call it Connection. When value of db_port changes, value of login_port will also change.

wait_cmd is special, it’s computable input. In wait_cmd input we define command which will be used to check if docker container is ready. In this case it’s

`mysql -pr00tme -uroot -e 'SELECT 1`

Password for mysql is defined in config resource and can change at any time. Instead of hard-coding it, computable input is used making this resource more maintainable.

When all files are ready we need add created resources to solar repository:

solar repo import wp_repo

This command created new solar resource repository. To list resources in this repository run:

solar repo show -r wp_repo

5. Deploying

Now it’s time to deploy our configuration. When running vagrant up solar-dev solar-dev1 you started two virtual machines. We will deploy Wordpress on solar-dev1. To do it we need to create a resource for it. We already have in repo composer file which is doing it. Just run:

solar resource create nodes templates/nodes count=1

It will create all required resources to run actions on solar-dev1. You can analyze content of templates/nodes/1.0.0/nodes.yaml later (that’s the source for templates/nodes). Now we create resources defined in docker

solar resource create wp_docker wp_repo/docker

Command create requires name, but it’s not used by Composer.

Now you can deploy all changes with:

solar changes stage
solar changes process
solar orch run-once

To see deployment progress run:

solar orch report

Wait until all task will return status SUCCESS. When it’s done you should be able to open Wordpress site at

If it fails, before reporting a bug, please try to retry deployment:

solar orch retry last

6. Update

Now change password for Wordpress database user

solar resource update config wp_db_pass=new_hacky_pass

and deploy new changes

solar changes stage
solar changes process
solar orch run-once

Using report command wait until all tasks finish. Wordpress should still working and new password should be used.